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Looping in Java

If you want to do something a certain number of times, you use a for loop.

Example:

int i;
for(i=0; i<10; i++){
  System.out.println("This loop has executed " + (i+1) + " times.");
}
System.out.print("Execution has now jumped out of the loop and the 
current value of i is " + i + ".");

Practice tasks:

  1. Use a loop to print out all the numbers from 1 to 100 that are divisible by 7. (Extension: Allow the user to set the divisor and the number to go up to.)
  2. Use a loop to print out all the factors of a number supplied by the user.

If you want to loop as long as a condition is true, you use a while loop:

Example:

Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);
System.out.println("Please enter the secret code:");
int input = in.nextInt();
while (input != 1234){
   System.out.println("Sorry. That is incorrect.");
   System.out.println("Please enter the secret code:");
   input = in.nextInt();
}
System.out.println("You have entered the correct code.");

Challenge: Change the above code so that it only allows three attempts to enter the correct code.

Practice Task:

Write a guessing game in Java in which the user has to guess a number between 1 and 100. The program should tell the user if they have guessed too high or too low and allow them to guess repeatedly until they are correct. (Extension: Look up how to use the Random object in Java so that your program chooses a different secret number each time.)

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